Bad news, college kids: Your dream job isn't going to fall into your lap. The good news? You can go after it if you know how.

Consider me a cautionary tale. I was one of many misguided college graduates who underestimated how difficult it would be to find a job after graduation. I didn’t expect to collect my diploma and walk into a sea of headhunters waiting to hire me, but I had no idea that it would take me a year after graduation to find a job in my field.

I thought I was doing things right. I took my classes really seriously, got good grades and built relationships with my professors. I paid my own way through school, so I had to balance a full-time job with being a full-time student. Unfortunately, my crazy schedule left no time for internships (or sleep).

Now my younger sister is in college, and I’m determined to make sure she doesn’t go through the same post-college struggles that I did. College students, please heed the following advice. Your wallet and your sanity will thank me later.

1. Don’t wait until graduation to start your job search

It sounds obvious, but this is a common mistake. I told myself I was too busy, which was true. But I should have made the time.

Job-hunting is a long process that takes patience. In fact, when I finally got an interview for my current job, it was after months of checking the company’s website for an appropriate opening. I knew I wanted to work here, so I kept checking until a position opened up that I was qualified for. Start making your post-college career plans as soon as possible.

2. Show off your skills

A resume can only say so much, particularly when you don’t have a lot of experience yet. Consider starting a blog, creating a website or making a video to show off your specific talents. Listing “strong writing skills” on my resume isn’t nearly as effective as showcasing those skills with particular examples of my work.

To really capture a company’s attention, try making your site or blog tailored specifically to your dream job. This will give you an opportunity to show how much you’ve researched the company and the requirements of your desired position.

For example, if you want a technical writing position, put together a sample proposal as if you already had the job. This not only shows what you can do, but also gives the company examples of the ideas that you would bring to the position.

3. Be an active intern

The “go get me some coffee” internship stereotype exists for a reason. Just because you’re assigned menial tasks doesn’t give you an excuse to be passive. Ask for more difficult tasks. Offer your ideas. Find out about what the company’s hiring process is like. Talk to your superiors and seek out a mentor. Get descriptions of entry-level positions within the company and work towards gaining the necessary skills to land them.

One of my friends from college had a company create a position for her after graduation because they were so impressed with her as an intern. It isn’t enough to land an internship. Make yourself indispensible.

4. Apply high

One of my favorite college professors advised me not be afraid to “apply high.” She said this after I complained that every job I wanted required years of experience that I did not yet have. She told me just because a job has specific requirements didn’t mean I shouldn’t try for it if I believed I was capable of performing.

I admit, I thought my resume would get thrown away as soon as employers realized that I didn’t meet every requirement. Yet when I found out about the opening for my current position, I went for it despite my minimal experience. I wrote a strong cover letter that got my resume through the door. I came to the interview confident and well-prepared. And even though I didn’t meet each job requirement on paper, I still got the job.

As a newbie to the workforce, you have to be ready to prove that you can do it — but it’s well worth the fight.

5. Network here, there and everywhere

Though the job market isn’t ideal right now, new graduates have an incredible array of networking tools at their disposal. Use every single one of them. Maximize every possible resource. Streamline all of your social media pages to reflect your job search. Use your LinkedIn and Facebook contacts to connect to new people in your field or people that work at companies that you’re interested in.

Don’t make the mistake of thinking that networking ends on the computer. Talk to any and everyone you can that might be able to help you. Use your internship, your job, your professors and friends of your mom. Job-hunting is not the time to be timid.

6. Be a realistic dreamer

People always advise “do what you love,” and students often apply this philosophy when deciding what to study. The truth is, certain majors are more likely to lead to a job. I believe that people should chase their dreams, but I’m also a realist. If you major in esoteric knowledge, your job options will be far more limited than someone who majors in accounting. You have to figure out a way to make your dream job work in the real world.

I majored in writing, so I’m no stranger to disdainful comments about my job prospects. If I had a dollar for every person who made a writing major joke to me, I wouldn’t even need a job; I could retire early and work on my novel.

Though fiction is my one true love, I took every possible writing class while I was in college. By graduation I had experience in fiction, nonfiction, technical writing, journalism, publication editing and design, writing for advertising, writing for public relations and writing for broadcast. I wanted to be as well-rounded as possible to increase my job options.

Though I now write in a corporate environment, I love my job. I might not be on the shelves of Barnes and Noble (yet), but I am getting paid to write. I am pursuing my dream and paying my bills at the same time. It might have taken a year after graduation to get here, but I’m here now.

The lesson: Don’t wait for the perfect job to land in your lap. Work hard, network and don’t give up on your dreams — just be smart about them.

Erin Palmer works as a writer and editor with Villanova University’s online programs. Villanova offers programs such as PHR certification prep courses, in addition to an HR masters online degree program. Erin can be reached on Twitter @Erin_E_Palmer.


  1. Greg Miliates

    Once you have a job offer, don’t forget about negotiating the best compensation you can. To do that, look at it from the business owner’s perspective. They:
    –>want to reduce costs and increase revenue;
    –>know that employees are the biggest expense to their company;
    –>want to keep productive employees who add value to the company.

    So, no matter what the economy is like, when interviewing for a job (or asking for a raise), you need to ALWAYS demonstrate your value to the company, and talk directly about that value. The only thing to focus on is the value you provide to the company.

    Find out all you can about the company, the position you’re interviewing for, and the biggest issues facing the company. Talk about how you can help solve those problems, and show how you’ve done similar things in the past.

    Maybe you’ve reduced costs, or increased revenue, or lowered employee turnover, or expanded a product line, or expanded sales into new markets. Whatever you’ve done, talk about it specifically. Think like a business owner. Ask yourself: if you were the owner, why should you hire this person (you)?

    Now that you’ve laid out the reasons WHY you should be hired, when the conversation turns to salary, you can talk about HOW MUCH you think you should be paid.

    Some people think that whoever gives out the first negotiating number loses; I disagree. Instead, YOU should be the one to set the salary anchor (the “anchor” is the number around which the negotiation takes place), and make that number significantly more than your currently (or offered) salary, but completely justified by your value to the company. Maybe a 40% increase is warranted, so ask for 50% (since it’ll likely be negotiated down). Whatever the number, say it matter-of-factly, and don’t blink. You’ve laid out your case and you know your value. Don’t be emotional. Practice your meeting with a friend or spouse.

    Back when I had a corporate job, I did this, and boosted my salary about 25%, when the typical salary increases at the company were 2%-4%.

    People are often reluctant to ask for more–especially if it’s a big jump in salary. That reluctance boils down to not valuing yourself; it’s fairly common, creeps into other situations and life choices, and can be extremely limiting.

    Greg Miliates

  2. Jrandom42

    In response to number 4: In applying high, the real question you have to answer is, “Can you learn what you need to know to do the job quickly enough, so that I don’t regret hiring you?”

  3. Smashonline

    its really gone with me. i just started my own blog to show my performance. you are right, its fooling to wait until graduation to search for a job.

    Smashonline Social Media Blog

  4. Paul Jun

    These are all really great tips, and I wish schools would focus more on these principles than other meaningless tasks.

    The one thing I always tell my friends or students that I meet in class: start now.

    Don’t start next year, or during the summer — now.

    Too many students wait till they graduate to begin their career, or job, or an internship. Like you said, starting a blog or a website is an excellent way to begin. Blogs are popular now, but I believe they have yet to see the light that they deserve. I know they will be talked about and people will begin to incorporate the skill of blogging into everyday life, business, etc.

    Great post, really enjoyed it.

    • Anonymous

      I agree, they spend so much time learning about things they will never use – and don’t spend time learning about important things, like personal finance… efficient markets

  5. Edward - Entry Level Dilemma

    Title doesn’t really match the content. There’s nothing that can be done about 1 & 3 after you are already gone.

  6. Melanie Lewis

    Excellent! I love the personal advice, examples, and wish you continued success!

  7. Kiné Camara

    Checking this article out late but it is awesome. Thanks for all of the great tips!

  8. Aprilette Sulib

    I like number 5 on your list. Being fresh out of college can give you opportunities to learn about tools on the internet that you can use to search for jobs. You can also use social media as an on online marketing tool to promote your online presence.

  9. Kish Montecillo

    I like no. 1 yes you don’t have to wait til graduation to start looking for possible job…

  10. Anonymous

    Be proactive. Getting into internship will give you more possibilities to get you hired in the future. This is where your work ethics begin to show. And it’s true, show off your skills, there’s nothing bad with showing what you know. And as early as now, you should be looking for a job. Don’t wait after wearing your toga then you’ll look for a job. Plan ahead.

  11. Steve Monte

    Good to see more people giving a little tough love to our new graduates. It isn’t all doom and gloom in the jobs market if you use the right strategy!

  12. Royce

    In regards to no. 2, is a great tool for students to show what they are made of. Easier then creating a blog and more collaborative.

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